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在寒冷的冬季小型挖掘机应该如何保养

文章作者:必赢亚州官网 发布日期:2020-11-24   来源:www.bluewebcreative.com
小型挖掘机如果在冬季闲置不用,应妥善保管、保养,再次使用时才能发挥良好性能,具体保养措施如下:
If small excavators are not used in winter, they should be properly kept and maintained. Only when they are used again can they have good performance. The specific maintenance measures are as follows:
1.将小型挖掘机表面的泥土清理干净,检查有无松动的紧固件。
Clean the soil on the surface of the small excavator and check whether there are loose fasteners.
2.检查检查防冻液液位及机油油位是否正常,检查机油油质是否正常,检查燃油的防冻水平。
Check whether the antifreeze level and oil level are normal, check whether the oil quality is normal and check the antifreeze level of the fuel.
3.如果天气特别寒冷,小型挖掘机停机时间很长,请将发动机的冷却液排放干净。同时为防止电瓶馈电,将电瓶拆下放到温暖的地方进行存放。
If the weather is particularly cold and the small excavator has a long shutdown time, please drain the engine coolant. At the same time, in order to prevent the battery from feeding, the battery should be removed and stored in a warm place.
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4.间隔一段时间就启动发动机运转一次,如果防冻液液位及机油油位低于正常油位,请及时添加至正常后再进行启动。寒冷天气时将钥匙置于预热位置至预热灯亮后(进行多次重复预热),再启动发动机,怠速运转5-10分钟后无负荷操作各油缸动作5-10次,使发动机转数快速操作各油缸动作5-10次,同时操作左右回转和前后行走各3次。直至系统温度升到50–80度方可正常运转,继续使全部工作装置各动作5-10分钟后停止发动机。
Start the engine once at an interval. If the antifreeze level and oil level are lower than the normal level, please add them to normal before starting. In cold weather, put the key in the preheating position until the preheating lamp is on (repeatedly preheating), and then start the engine. After 5-10 minutes of idling, operate each oil cylinder for 5-10 times without load, so that the engine can quickly operate each oil cylinder for 5-10 times, and operate the left and right rotation and three times of walking back and forth. The system can run normally until the temperature of the system rises to 50 – 80 ℃, continue to make all working devices operate for 5-10 minutes, and then stop the engine.
5.柴油的要更换为-10至-30型号,这要看所在的地区,越靠北的地区就要加-号多的柴油,另外要更换柴油滤清器,机油要更换当地适用的稠化机油,机油滤清器也更换,液压系统有漏油的地方要及时的更换,有条件油箱要做好保温。
The diesel oil should be replaced with - 10 to - 30 models, which depends on the region. The more north the area is, more diesel oil should be added. In addition, the diesel filter should be replaced. The local thickened oil should be replaced for the engine oil. The oil filter should also be replaced. If there is oil leakage in the hydraulic system, the oil tank should be kept warm.
6.散热系统要认真检查胶管是否老化和断裂,如有问题要及时更换因为这些地方在冬季更容易出问题。如果有条件提供热水,水箱每天加热水这样能更好的发动发动机,但是一定要注意不要忘记放水。之所以不提倡加防冻液是因为在特别寒冷的地区加防冻液更不容易启动发动机。
Heat dissipation system to carefully check whether the rubber tube aging and fracture, if there is a problem to replace in time, because these places in winter more prone to problems. If it is possible to provide hot water, the water tank heats water every day, which can better start the engine, but we must pay attention not to forget to drain the water. The reason why antifreeze is not recommended is that it is more difficult to start the engine in extremely cold areas.
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