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挖掘机的操作人员应该注意什么?

文章作者:必赢亚州官网 发布日期:2020-10-12   来源:www.bluewebcreative.com
1、挖掘机在工作中,严禁进行维修、保养、紧固等工作。工作过程中若发生异响、异味、温升过高等情况,应立即停车检查。
1. It is strictly forbidden to repair, maintain and fasten the excavator. In case of abnormal sound, peculiar smell and high temperature rise during the working process, stop the machine immediately for inspection.
2、挖掘机行走转弯不应过急,如弯道过大,应分次转弯。
2. The excavator should not turn too fast. If the curve is too large, it should be turned in different times.
3、挖掘机回转时,应用回转离合器配合回转机构制动器平稳转动,禁止急剧回转和紧急制动。
3. When the excavator rotates, the slewing clutch is used to cooperate with the brake of the slewing mechanism to rotate smoothly, and sharp rotation and emergency braking are prohibited.
4、铲斗未离开地面前,不得做回转、走行等动作。
4. Before the bucket leaves the ground, it is not allowed to rotate or travel.
5、履带式挖掘机移动时,臂杆应放在走行的前进方向,铲斗距地面高度不超过1米。
5. When the crawler excavator moves, the boom should be placed in the forward direction of the walking, and the height of the bucket from the ground should not exceed 1 m.
长臂挖掘机租赁
6、挖掘机上坡时,驱动轮应在后面,臂杆应在上面;挖掘机下坡时,驱动轮应在前面,臂杆应在后面。下坡时应慢速行驶,途中不许变速。
6. When the excavator goes uphill, the driving wheel should be at the back and the boom should be on the top; when the excavator is going down the slope, the driving wheel should be in the front and the arm should be at the back. When going downhill, drive slowly and do not change speed on the way.
7、臂杆顶部滑轮的保养、检修、润滑、更换时,应将臂杆落至地面。
7. During the maintenance, overhaul, lubrication and replacement of the pulley at the top of the boom, the boom should be dropped to the ground.
8、挖掘时每次吃土不宜过深,提斗不要过猛,以免损坏机械或造成倾覆事故。铲斗下落时,注意不要过快,以免造成下车架不稳,整机前后晃动。
8. When excavating, the soil should not be too deep and the bucket should not be too strong to avoid damaging the machinery or causing overturning accident. When the bucket falls, pay attention not to be too fast, so as to avoid the instability of the lower frame and the whole machine shaking back and forth.
9、配合挖掘机作业,进行清底、抄平、修坡的人员,须在挖掘机回转半径以外工作。若在挖掘机回转半径以内工作时,挖掘机停回转,关闭先导开关,方可进行工作。同时,机上机下人员要密切配合,确保安全。
9. The personnel who cooperate with the excavator for bottom cleaning, leveling and slope repair must work outside the radius of rotation of the excavator. If the excavator is working within the radius of rotation, the excavator will stop rotating and turn off the pilot switch. At the same time, the on-board and off-board personnel should cooperate closely to ensure safety.
10、挖掘机装载活动范围内,不得停留车辆和行人。若往卡车上卸料时,应等卡车停稳,驾驶员离开驾驶室后,方可回转铲斗,向车上卸料。挖掘机回转时,应尽量避免铲斗从驾驶室顶部越过。卸料时,铲斗应尽量放低,但又注意不得碰撞卡车的任何部位。
10. Vehicles and pedestrians are not allowed to stay in the loading range of excavator. If unloading to the truck, wait until the truck stops stably and the driver leaves the cab, then the bucket can be turned and unloaded to the truck. When the excavator rotates, try to avoid the bucket from the top of the cab. When unloading, the bucket should be lowered as far as possible, but care should be taken not to hit any part of the truck.
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