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租赁动态

挖掘机重要按钮怎么使用?

文章作者:必赢亚州官网 发布日期:2020-12-04   来源:www.bluewebcreative.com
一、液压安全锁开关
1、 Hydraulic safety lock switch
当打开挖掘机的车门时,就能看见它。“安全锁”顾名思义,就是考虑到驾驶员的安全而设计的。由于挖掘机的动作是通过液压传动的,安全锁能够及时控制液压的传动。当挖掘机启动后,驾驶员坐在座椅上,将液压安全锁转至解除锁定状态,此时操作手柄或行走踏板挖掘机才会有相应的动作。当挖掘机不作业或驾驶员要下车时,也应当将液压安全锁转至锁定状态,避免因失误碰触手柄及行走踏板导致安全事故。
You can see it when you open the door of the excavator. As the name implies, "safety lock" is designed for the safety of drivers. Because the action of excavator is hydraulic transmission, the safety lock can control the hydraulic transmission in time. When the excavator is started, the driver sits on the seat and turns the hydraulic safety lock to the unlocking state. At this time, the operating handle or walking pedal excavator will have corresponding action. When the excavator does not work or the driver wants to get off the vehicle, the hydraulic safety lock should also be turned to the locking state to avoid accidents caused by touching the handle and walking pedal by mistake.
液压安全锁开关
Hydraulic safety lock switch
当然不同品牌的挖掘机,其液压安全锁的设置都不一样,但是“换汤不换药”,只要我们认识了它,从一定程度来讲就能熟练的控制它了。之前开过一台徐工60E,这台挖掘机在作业时将安全锁锁定后,操作手柄不能动,奇怪的是行走踏板还能操作。在此也希望大家在作业时应当养成良好的操作习惯,在作业的过程中时刻要有安全意识。
Of course, different brands of excavators, the setting of its hydraulic safety lock are not the same, but "change soup without changing dressing", as long as we know it, from a certain extent, we can skillfully control it. A XCMG 60E was opened before. After the safety lock of this excavator was locked during operation, the operating handle could not be moved. It is strange that the walking pedal can still be operated. Here also hope that we should develop good operating habits in the operation, and always have safety awareness in the process of operation.

长臂挖掘机租赁
国外挖掘机驾驶室
Foreign excavator cab
二、电源总开关
2、 Main power switch
挖掘机在启动前请务必检查挖掘机总源开关是否打开。在挖掘机长时间不工作的时候,就需要将总电源关闭,可以防止蓄电池漏电。在挖掘机上,即便是挖掘机的钥匙拔出,车顶应急灯、收音机还处于通电状态,只有将电源总开关关闭才能全部关闭。每天下班后都能关闭电源总开关,这也是一个好的习惯。
Before starting the excavator, please check whether the main source switch of the excavator is on. When the excavator does not work for a long time, it is necessary to turn off the main power supply to prevent battery leakage. On the excavator, even if the key of the excavator is pulled out, the emergency light and radio on the roof are still powered on. Only when the main power switch is turned off can they be turned off completely. It is also a good habit to turn off the main power switch after work every day.
挖掘机电源总开关
Excavator main power switch
三、发动机启动开关
3、 Engine start switch
发动机启动开关,其实就是插入钥匙启动挖掘机的位置,上面有一些标识我们来认识一下吧。
The engine start switch is actually the position where the key is inserted to start the excavator. There are some signs on it. Let's have a look.
发动机启动开关
Engine start switch
(1)START,大家可以理解为开始、启动的意思。
(1) Start means start and start.
(2)ON,大家可以理解为接通、开启的意思,当钥匙转至此处,挖掘机整机电路接通。
(2) When the key is turned here, the whole excavator circuit will be connected.
(3)OFF,大家可以理解为断开、关闭的意思,当钥匙转至此处,挖掘机整机电路断开,并可以插拔钥匙。
(3) When the key is turned here, the whole excavator circuit will be disconnected and the key can be inserted and pulled out.
(4)HEAT,大家可以理解为暖机的意思,在气温低时,将钥匙转至此处暖机使用。
(4) When the temperature is low, turn the key here to warm up the engine.
当驾驶员进入驾驶室后,将钥匙从钥匙孔插入,并转至ON位置,此时电源接通,待仪表盘亮起后,接着转至START位置,此时发动机启动。在气温寒冷时,由于机油黏度的增加以及蓄电池性能的降低,都可能造成启动困难,因此,请尽量一次启动成功,空转发动机进入暖机状态。
When the driver enters the cab, insert the key from the key hole and turn it to the on position. At this time, the power is turned on. After the instrument panel lights up, it turns to the start position. At this time, the engine starts. When the temperature is cold, it may be difficult to start due to the increase of oil viscosity and the decrease of battery performance. Therefore, please try to start the engine successfully at one time and idle the engine into warm-up state.
开机关机过程相信大家一看就懂,在这里要说的是暖机的重要性,恰恰是大多数司机都会忽视的过程。在一般情况下,发动机启动后都应该进行暖机,特别是天气寒冷,水温也比较低时。暖机的意思就是先使机器运转起来,待机器温度和个部件之间“磨合”,再让机器进入工作状态。
I believe you can understand the process of starting and shutting down the engine. What we want to say here is the importance of warming up the engine, which is exactly the process that most drivers will ignore. In general, the engine should be warmed up after starting, especially when the weather is cold and the water temperature is relatively low. Warm up means to make the machine run first, and then let the machine enter the working state after the machine temperature and the parts are "running in".
暖机是保护机器的必要方法,否则,很有可能造成汽缸爆裂或者活塞磨损过大,就好比剧烈运动之前的“热身运动”。暖机的过程大概有5分钟就行了,也可以利用这段时间给挖掘机各部位打黄油。当然现在大部分挖掘机都能在仪表盘显示暖机过程,并有指示灯提醒,那么接下来我们来了解一下仪表盘那些标识
Warm up is a necessary way to protect the machine, otherwise, it is likely to cause cylinder burst or piston wear too much, just like the "warm-up exercise" before strenuous exercise. It takes about 5 minutes to warm up the engine. You can also use this time to grease all parts of the excavator. Of course, most excavators can display the warm-up process on the instrument panel, and there are indicator lights to remind you. Next, let's learn about the signs on the dashboard
四、仪表盘
4、 Dashboard
在这里打个比方,将挖掘机当做一台笔记本,如果说发动机是挖掘机的“主板”,那么仪表盘就是挖掘机的“显示器”,时刻能出反馈挖掘机的状态信息,比如说燃油油量、冷却水温度、机油温度、发动机转速、工作模式、时间、设备保养信息、故障查询等等。
For example, take the excavator as a notebook. If the engine is the "main board" of the excavator, then the dashboard is the "display" of the excavator. It can always give feedback on the status of the excavator, such as fuel quantity, cooling water temperature, engine oil temperature, engine speed, working mode, time, equipment maintenance information, fault inquiry, etc.
挖掘机仪表盘
Excavator dashboard
当然各个品牌机型的仪表盘及显示的内容都不一样,有液晶显示屏、数字显示屏。
Of course, the instrument panel and display content of each brand model are different, including LCD and digital display.
挖掘机仪表操控页面
Excavator instrument control page
随着科技的不断进步,显示屏的功能越来越多,之前接触过一台山河智能230E,其显示屏内有个“装车模式”,感觉非常适用于装车作业。
With the continuous progress of science and technology, the functions of the display screen are more and more. I have contacted a Shanhe intelligent 230E before, and there is a "loading timing mode" in the display screen, which is very suitable for loading operation.
装车设置
Loading timing setting
提到仪表盘不得不提及一下摄像头装置,像欧美系的挖掘机,后置摄像头已经成为了标配。大家可以通过认识和动手操控仪表盘,对挖掘机的整体状态有个系统的了解,另外仪表盘上的图标也是有很多的,在这里小编就山河智能230E的仪表了解一下这些标志。
When it comes to the dashboard, we have to mention the camera device. For example, European and American excavators, the rear camera has become the standard configuration. You can have a systematic understanding of the overall status of the excavator by knowing and operating the dashboard. In addition, there are many icons on the dashboard. Here, I will make a small list of the instruments of Shanhe intelligent 230E to understand these signs.
挖掘机仪表显示标识
Excavator instrument display sign
挖掘机在作业中可以选择不同的工作模式:S标准模式:H重挖模式;L整修模式;F微修模式。像其他的挖掘机有P/H强力工作模式,M/S标准模式;E经济模式等等。
The excavator can choose different working modes in operation: s standard mode: H re excavation mode; l repair mode; F micro repair mode. For example, other excavators have p / h strong working mode, M / s standard mode, e economic mode and so on.
五、操作手柄操作手柄相信也是大家为熟悉的,分左右两个。国内有两种操作方法:因为左操作手柄设置的不同,分为正手和反手。正手指的是左右旋转方向,反手为上下旋转方向。
5、 I believe that the operating handle is also familiar to all, divided into two left and right. There are two operation methods in China: forehand and backhand are divided into forehand and backhand because of the different settings of the left handle. The right finger is the left and right rotation direction, the backhand is the up and down rotation direction.
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